What is myocardial disease? - Studybuff (2023)

What is myocardial disease?

Primary myocardial diseases include dilated or infiltrative cardiomyopathy, ischaemia, myocardial infarction, myocardial degeneration and necrosis (eventually leading to fibrosis), bacterial or viral myocarditis, neoplasia, and trauma. The cause of dilated cardiomyopathy is unknown.

What causes myocardial disease?

Conditions that can cause myocardial ischemia include: Coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis). Plaques made up mostly of cholesterol build up on your artery walls and restrict blood flow. Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of myocardial ischemia.

What are 4 types of heart diseases?

Coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, heart valve disease and heart failure are the four most common types of heart disease.

What is myocardial abnormality?

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a primary myocardial disease characterized by ventricular dilatation (one or both ventricles) and impaired myocardial contractility. The impairment of myocardial function cannot be explained by abnormal loading conditions alone, such as valve disease or systemic hypertension.

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include: Shortness of breath with activity or when lying down. Fatigue and weakness. Swelling in the legs, ankles and feet.

What 3 foods cardiologists say to avoid?

Here are eight of the items on their lists:

  • Bacon, sausage and other processed meats. Hayes, who has a family history of coronary disease, is a vegetarian. …
  • Potato chips and other processed, packaged snacks. …
  • Dessert. …
  • Too much protein. …
  • Fast food. …
  • Energy drinks. …
  • Added salt. …
  • Coconut oil.

What are the main causes of myocardial infarction?

What are the causes of myocardial infarction (MI, heart attack) other than atherosclerosis?

  • Coronary occlusion secondary to vasculitis.
  • Ventricular hypertrophy (eg, left ventricular hypertrophy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy)
  • Coronary artery emboli, secondary to cholesterol, air, or the products of sepsis.
  • Coronary trauma.

What are the warning signs of a myocardial infarction?

What are the symptoms of heart attack?

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  • Chest pain or discomfort. …
  • Feeling weak, light-headed, or faint. …
  • Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, or back.
  • Pain or discomfort in one or both arms or shoulders.
  • Shortness of breath.

What are 4 signs of cardiomyopathy?

Signs and symptoms of cardiomyopathy include:

  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing, especially with physical exertion.
  • Fatigue.
  • Swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen and veins in the neck.
  • Dizziness.
  • Lightheadedness.
  • Fainting during physical activity.
  • Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats)

What are the main types of heart disease?

Heart Disease: Types, Causes, and Symptoms

  • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
  • Heart Arrhythmias.
  • Heart Failure.
  • Heart Valve Disease.
  • Pericardial Disease.
  • Cardiomyopathy (Heart Muscle Disease)
  • Congenital Heart Disease.

What are the 4 types of diseases?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

What are the most common heart diseases?

5 Most Common Heart Diseases

  1. Congenital Heart Disease. Congenital heart disease is a birth defect that could range from a small hole in the heart to something more severe. …
  2. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) …
  3. Heart Arrhythmia. …
  4. Dilated Cardiomyopathy. …
  5. Pulmonary Stenosis.

What is the life expectancy of a person with cardiomyopathy?

The majority of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have no symptoms and most have a near-normal life expectancy. In some cases, sudden cardiac death is the first symptom of the illness. Patients who have symptoms at a younger age often have higher mortality rates.

What is the life expectancy of someone with nonischemic cardiomyopathy?

Median estimated life expectancy was 13 years (interquartile range 9-15 years).

What are the 4 stages of heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure – stage A, B, C and D – which range from high risk of developing heart failure to advanced heart failure.

What are the signs that your heart is not working properly?

Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina) Shortness of breath. Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed. Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back.

What are the symptoms of a weak heart?

Signs of a Weakened Heart Muscle

  • Shortness of breath (also known as dyspnea), particularly when you lie down or exert yourself.
  • Chest pain, especially a heavy sensation in your chest indicative of heart failure caused by a heart attack.
  • Fatigue.
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet (also known as edema)
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What are the 3 most harmful foods?

20 Foods That Are Bad for Your Health

  1. Sugary drinks. Added sugar is one of the worst ingredients in the modern diet. …
  2. Most pizzas. …
  3. White bread. …
  4. Most fruit juices. …
  5. Sweetened breakfast cereals. …
  6. Fried, grilled, or broiled food. …
  7. Pastries, cookies, and cakes. …
  8. French fries and potato chips.

What 3 foods are bad for your heart?

Foods That Are Bad for Your Heart

  • Sugar, Salt, Fat. 1 / 18. Over time, high amounts of salt, sugar, saturated fat, and refined carbs raise your risk for a heart attack or stroke. …
  • Bacon. 2 / 18. …
  • Red Meat. 3 / 18. …
  • Soda. 4 / 18. …
  • Baked Goods. 5 / 18. …
  • Processed Meats. 6 / 18. …
  • White Rice, Bread, and Pasta. 7 / 18. …
  • Pizza. 8 / 18.

What 3 foods are bad for your gut?

Worst Foods for Digestion

  • Fried Foods. 1 / 10. They’re high in fat and can bring on diarrhea. …
  • Citrus Fruits. 2 / 10. …
  • Artificial Sugar. 3 / 10. …
  • Too Much Fiber. 4 / 10. …
  • Beans. 5 / 10. …
  • Cabbage and Its Cousins. 6 / 10. …
  • Fructose. 7 / 10. …
  • Spicy Foods. 8 / 10.

What is the most common risk factors for myocardial infarction?

Five major risk factors: smoking, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, family history of coronary heart disease. Available in the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction 4-5.

What can cause infarction?

Infarction is tissue death (necrosis) due to inadequate blood supply to the affected area. It may be caused by artery blockages, rupture, mechanical compression, or vasoconstriction. The resulting lesion is referred to as an infarct (from the Latin infarctus, stuffed into).

Can stress cause myocardial infarction?

Stress can cause heart problems in several different ways. First, an excess of stress hormones can cause a myocardial infarction, otherwise known as a heart attack. A myocardial infarction occurs when a blockage forms in one of the arteries that supplies oxygenated blood to the heart muscle.

Can you have a myocardial infarction and not know it?

You can have a heart attack and not even know it. A silent heart attack, known as a silent myocardial infarction (SMI), account for 45% of heart attacks and strike men more than women.

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How long can you live with myocardial infarction?

About 68.4 per cent males and 89.8 per cent females still living have already lived 10 to 14 years or longer after their first infarction attack; 27.3 per cent males, 15 to 19 years; and 4.3 per cent, 20 years or longer; of the females, one is alive 15 years, one 23 years and one 25 years or longer.

What happens when you have a myocardial infarction?

If a blood clot totally blocks the artery, the heart muscle becomes starved for oxygen. Within a short time, death of heart muscle cells occurs, causing permanent damage. This is called a myocardial infarction (MI), or heart attack.

How do you detect cardiomyopathy?

Diagnosing cardiomyopathy The diagnosis of cardiomyopathy is often clear from an individual’s descriptions of his or her symptoms, the results of a physical examination, and the results of a chest x-ray, echocardiogram, and electrocardiogram. Occasionally, a test called an endomyocardial biopsy is necessary.

What are the 5 main types of cardiomyopathy?

Types of cardiomyopathy include:

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy. …
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. …
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy. …
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. …
  • Unclassified cardiomyopathy.

What is the most common cause of cardiomyopathy?

Viral infections in the heart are a major cause of cardiomyopathy. In some cases, another disease or its treatment causes cardiomyopathy. This might include complex congenital (present at birth) heart disease, nutritional deficiencies, uncontrollable, fast heart rhythms, or certain types of chemotherapy for cancer.

What is myocardial disease? - Studybuff (1)

Perrine Juillion

Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE ​​in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.

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