NMC Guidelines For Competency-Based Training Programme For PG Diploma In Sports Medicine (2023)

The National Medical Commission (NMC) has released the guidelines for Competency Based Postgraduate Training Programme For Diploma In Sports Medicine.

Sports Medicine is a multi-disciplinary field, which caters to a large number of sub- specialities like Sports Psychology, Biomechanics, Nutrition, Trauma, Rehabilitation, doping in sports, Sports Physiology etc. Sports Medicine is essentially ensuring optimal fitness before and after the sporting event. Also it deals with prevention and treatment of sporting injuries. In the recent past, Sports Medicine has gained wide popularity in India. What is needed is multi-skilling where the consultants are experts in a wide range of interrelated disciplines with synchronization of skills.

The need today is to start a Sports Medicine Speciality course so as to train doctors for delivering this science. Sports Medicine is a recognized specialty in most advanced countries. These countries appoint a sports medicine consultant for most of their sports teams and Olympic contingents. Once this Diploma course is introduced in India, our athletes and sportsmen will be highly benefited and this will reflect on the performance of our sportsmen and athletes in various sports at national and international level.

The purpose of this document is to provide teachers and learners illustrative guidelines to achieve defined outcomes through learning and assessment. This document was prepared by various subject-content specialists. The Reconciliation Board of the Academic Committee has attempted to render uniformity without compromise to purpose and content of the document. Compromise in purity of syntax has been made in order to preserve the purpose and content. This has necessitated retention of "domains of learning" under the heading "competencies".


At the end of the course the candidate shall be able to:

1.Estimate the baseline physical fitness of the sporting population and design programmes for various sports depending upon the fitness level of the individuals based on the exercise physiology principles.

2.Use Kinathroprometric principles for designing and recommending games to the young children so that they can excel according to their genetic and physical characteristics.

3.Do a complete psychological analysis and using the principles of psychology for relaxation and peaking.

4.Use biomechanical principles for prevention and rehabilitation of sporting injuries.

5.Give advice on ergogenic procedures and sports nutrition for performance enhancement.

6.Utilize a thorough knowledge and understanding of Sports Medicine and relevant applied sciences to maintain standards of best practices in the prevention and treatment of sports related injuries


By the end of the course, the student should have acquired knowledge (cognitive domain), professionalism (affective domain) and skills (psychomotor domain) as given below:

A.Cognitive domain

1.Utilize knowledge of relevant aspects of musculo-skeletal medicine in prevention and treatment of sports related injuries

2.Integrate and apply thorough knowledge and understanding of applied anatomy, sports bio-mechanics and relevant kinesiology to clinical Sports Medicine practice.

3.Utilize advanced clinical competency and expertise, including clinical reasoning, in assessment and treatment of sports related injuries.

4.Develop an evidence-based approach. This will help to interpret and utilize published literature using analytical and critical approach.

5.Acquire knowledge and ability to conceptualize and write a research proposal

B.Affective domain

1.Should be able to function as a part of a team, develop an attitude of cooperation with colleagues, and interact with the patient and the clinician or other colleagues to provide the best possible diagnosis or opinion.

2.Always adopt ethical principles and maintain proper etiquette in dealings with patients, relatives and other health personnel and to respect the rights of the patient including the right to information and second opinion.

3.Develop communication skills to word reports and professional opinion as well as to interact with patients, relatives, peers and paramedical staff, and for effective teaching.

4.Communicate effectively and appropriately with athletes, coaches and health professionals in maintaining standards of best practice in Sports Medicine.

C.Psychomotor domain

1.Design, implement, evaluate and modify programs specifically related to prevention and management of sports injuries.

2.Perform detailed and relevant musculo-skeletal assessment, which are specific to the athlete.

3.Demonstrate oral and written communication skills and critical thinking at masters level of competency

4.Students will undergo practical training as follows:

•Application of above learnt theoretical knowledge (Anatomy and Physiology) to understand applied sports sciences and for on-field purpose.

•Application of research knowledge to do research, paper presentations, posters related to sports medicine.

•Undergo training In the Sports Psychology and Exercise Physiology Laboratories

•Undergo training on Kinanthropometry equipment for body composition analysis, somatotyping and age determination

•Undergo training on Biomechanical Principles

•Undergo Clinical training in departments of Orthopaedics, Cardiology, General Medical and Emergency Care

•Undergo training in hospital and field management


Course contents:

I.Basic Medical Sciences and Research Methodology (BMSRM-P1) Applied Basic Medical Sciences


•Anatomy of the nerve injuries

•Bodily Habitus

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•Anatomical Angles and stiff joints

•The pathology of nerves, bones in terms of anatomy

•Anatomical basis of clinical tests

•Anatomy of certain diseases



•Cardiovascular system

•Neuromuscular system

•Respiratory system

•Temperature regulation

•Endocrine system

Applied Paraclinical Sciences

•Pathology and tissue healing



Research and Educational Methodology Research Methodology

Introduction to:

•Ethical issues in research.

•Structure, formulation and implementation of a research project

•Research questions

•Types of research

•Data analysis

•Experimental research

•Survey research

•Oral presentations at conferences/seminars

II.Applied Sports Sciences and Introduction to Physical Therapy (ASSIPT-P.II)

Kinesiology: Introduction, Anatomical concepts in Kinesiology

Assessment and Evaluation in Sports Medicine



•Exercise Physiology and Nutrition

Nutrition, energy transfer for physical activity, cardiovascular system and exercise, exercise and respiratory system, skeletal system, gastrointestinal tract and endocrine system

•Applied Exercise Physiology:

Body composition, aging and exercise, temperature regulation.

•Physiological Basis and Principles of Training and Conditioning

Principles of endurance and strength training, fundamentals that aid training and performance, Analysis of training.

•Sports Psychology

Personality assessment and sports personality.

Attention and perception in sports, concentration training in sports, motivational orientation in sports, pre-competitive anxiety, relaxation training, aggression in sports, role of Psychology in dealing with injuries, eating disorders, Goal setting (Psychological aspects of doping, Stress management, Group behaviour and leadership, Emotion)

Introduction to Sports Physical Therapy

Massage, Heat Therapy, Hydrotherapy, Electrotherapy, Functional bandages and Orthotic aids, Cryotherapy, manual therapy, clinical reasoning and decision making.

III.Clinical Sports Medicine (CSM-PIII)

Medical Aspects of Sports Medicine

•Exercise and common pulmonary conditions

•Exercise and cardiac conditions

•Doping in sports

•Diabetes and exercise

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•Exercises for special categories

•Non-Traumatic medical conditions: In females, age-related issues.

Emergency Care and Cardiopulmonary Therapeutics

•Cardio pulmonary Resuscitation.

•Health club and fitness Concept, use and misuse of equipment.

•Basics of Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Sports Traumatology

•Pre-participation examination.

•Causes and mechanism of sports injuries, prevention of sports injuries

•Common acute and overuse injuries, Sporting emergencies and first aid and pharmacological treatment of injuries in the athletes.

•Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation

•Sports specific injuries, with special emphasis on the specific risk factor, nature of sports, kind of medical intervention anticipated and prevention with respect to individual sports (Individual events: Team events: Contact and Non-contact sports, Water sports specific injuries)

•Over use training in sports

Physical Medicine

•Rehabilitation and therapeutic exercises

•Mobilization and strengthening techniques

•Neuromuscular training

•Health club and fitness

•Morale, Ethics and Law

Current Concepts in Sports Medicine

•Segmental Stabilization Concepts of Spine

•Emergency medical planning and cover for sports events

•Exercise for growing bones

•Precision heart rate training

•Current concepts in obesity management

•Electromyography and rehabilitation

•Current concepts in tendinopathies


Postgraduate teaching program General principles

Acquisition of practical competencies being the keystone of post graduate medical education, post graduate training should be skills oriented. Learning in post graduate programme should be essentially self-directed and primarily emanating from clinical and academic work. The formal sessions are merely meant to supplement this core effort.

1.Formal teaching sessions

At least 5-hrs of formal teaching per week per subject is necessary. The department may select a mix of the following sessions:

Journal clubOnce a week

Seminar; lectureOnce a week

Case discussionsTwice a week

Interdepartmental case or seminarOnce a week

[Genetic, Biotechnology, Anti-doping, Sports Psychology, Physical Education and Rehabilitation]

Additional sessions on resuscitation, basic sciences, biostatistics, research methodology, teaching methodology, hospital waste management, health economics, medical ethics and legal issues related to Sports medicine practice are suggested.

Note: These sessions may be organised as an institutional activity for all post graduates as in Annexure 1.


The post graduate Diploma student should rotate through all the laboratories in the department along with field assessment and attachments with sports teams in, on and off season camps etc.


Attachments in Kinanthropometry, Sports Psychology, Isokinetics, human performance, fitness assessment, exercise physiology, anti-doping, Neurophysiology, Biomechanics and Rehabilitation laboratories are a must and essential part of clinical training.


Attachment with sporting teams off and on season and during tournaments and competitions is desirable.

3.Log book

During his/her training, the candidate should maintain a Log Book indicating the duration of the postings/work done in sports-specific laboratories and field work. This should indicate the procedures assisted and performed, and the teaching sessions attended.

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The purpose of the log book is to:

a)Help maintain a record of the work done during training.

b)Enable consultants to have direct information about the work; intervene if necessary.

c)Use it to assess the experience gained periodically.

The log book shall be used to aid the internal evaluation of the student and must be signed by the Faculty-in charge.

4.Teaching skills

The postgraduate students shall be required to participate in the teaching and training programme of undergraduate students and interns.

5.A postgraduate student of a postgraduate degree course in broad specialities/super specialities would be required to present one poster presentation, to read one paper at a national/state conference and to present one research paper which should be published/accepted for publication/sent for publication during the period of his postgraduate studies so as to make him eligible to appear at the postgraduate degree examination.

6.Continuing Medical Education Programmes (CME): Each student should attend at least two CME programmes, in 3 years. The student should attend courses, conferences and seminars relevant to the specialty.

7.Department should encourage e-learning activities.

During the training programme, patient safety is of paramount importance; therefore, skills are to be learnt initially on the models or manikins, later to be performed under supervision followed by performing independently; for this purpose, provision of skills laboratories in medical colleges is mandatory.


FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT, ie., during the training

Internal assessment General Principles

Internal Assessment should be valid, objective and reliable; it should cover cognitive, psychomotor and affective domains. The Internal Assessment should be conducted in theory, laboratory and clinical examination. Feedback from the internal assessment should be given to the students, and contribute towards final evaluation.

Quarterly assessment during the Diploma training should be based on:

1.Journal based / recent advances learning

2.Patient based /Laboratory or Skill based learning

3.Self directed learning and teaching

4.Departmental and interdepartmental learning activity

5.External and Outreach Activities / CMEs

The student to be assessed periodically as per categories listed in postgraduate student appraisal form (Annexure 2).

Formative assessment should be valid, objective and reliable; it should cover cognitive, psychomotor and affective domains, as below:

•Personal attributesOngoing after each clinical/ lab. posting

•Clinical skills and performance-do-

•Academic activities-do-

•Theory assessmentEnd of 1-yr, 1-yr 9 months

•Practical assessment-do-


1-year: Exercise physiology, Kinanthropometry, Neurophysiology, Nutrition 2-year : Sports Psychology, Biomechanics, Rehabilitation, Anti doping, Human performance

Practical Assessment

1-yrOSCE and lab. Assessment in Exercise physiology, Kinanthropometry, Neurophysiology

2-yrOSCE and Lab Assessment, Sports Psychology, Biomechanics, Rehabilitation, Anti doping, human performance

Clinical and laboratory skills and performance, academic performance and personal attributes shall be graded on a scale of 1 to 5 (5 being the highest). The academic presentations shall be graded at the time of presentation of the consultant in-charge. Evaluation on clinical skills and personal attributes others shall be done by the Unit in- charge at the end of every semester.

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT, i.e., assessment at the end of training

The post graduate Diploma examination shall be in two parts:

1.Theory examination: Three papers

2.Clinical/Practical and oral examination

A.Theory Examination

There shall be three papers:

PaperPaper CodeCourse Title

Paper I:BMSRM-P1Basis Medical Sciences and Research Methodology

Paper II:ASSIPT-P.11Applied Sports Sciences and Introduction to

Paper III: CSM - P.IIIPhysical Therapy

Clinical Sports Medicine

Practical examination

Case I Case II

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Laboratary examination in all Sports Sciences labs. Objective Structured Clinical Examination

Viva on defined areas by each examiner separately.

Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)

The OSCE shall consist of 10 stations. It shall consist of six observed stations (one by each examiner) and four unobserved stations.

The observed stations shall assess the students on the following skills, e.g.,

•Field Side Assessment

•Assessment in laboratory controlled environment

•Communication/Counselling skills

•History taking


•Procedural skills

•Application skills on sports persons

The unobserved stations shall check the analytic skills of the students for example: interpretation of laboratory results, normative sports medicine data, radiological investigations.

Recommended Reading Books (latest edition)

1.Torg, Welsh and Shephard: Current Therapy in Sports Medicine III - Mosby.

2.Reed: Sports Injuries - Assessment and Rehabilitation, W.B. Saunders.

3.Nordin and Frankel - Basic Biomechanics of Muscular Skeletal Systm - Williams and Wilkins.

4.Mc Ardle, Katch, Katch: Exercise Physiology, Edition IV.

5.Brukner and Khan: Clinical Sports Medicine, McGraw Hill.

6.Drugs and Doping in Sports by O'Leary

7.Lee and Dress: Orthopaedic Sports Medicine - W.B Saunders


03-05 international Journals and 02 national (all indexed) Journals.

Annexure I: Orientation sessions for Post graduates joining Diploma in Sports Medicine (DSM) for all Post graduates

•Orientation to the Sports Sciences laboratories

•Orientation regarding field assessment on sports persons

•Communication skills: Sports scientists, coaches and sports persons

•Literature search

•Basic research methodology

•Protocol writing and thesis

•Introduction to post graduation in Sports Medicine

•Universal precautions and appropriate disposal of lab waste

•Management of sports injuries

•Rehabilitation protocols in sports medicine

•Interpretation and management of data generated by sports sciences lab.

•On field evaluation of sports persons

•Awareness of anti-doping procedures and drugs

•Visit to internationally accredited anti-doping lab.

•Designing of evidence based rehabilitation and fitness development protocols based on neurophysiological studies

•Effective communication of lab data to coaches and sports persons

•Attachment with sports teams both on and off season

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    How do I apply for Sports Medicine UK? ›

    After medical school, you'll join the paid two-year foundation programme where you'll work in six placements in different settings. After your foundation programme, you can apply for paid specialty training to become a sports and exercise doctor, which will take a minimum of six or seven years.

    How do I become a Sports Medicine doctor in India? ›

    Eligibility: A 3-year post graduation degree (MD) in Sports Medicine is your best option to become a sports medicine physician. You can also pursue a doctoral degree on the subject. Apart from these, there are 2-year PG Diploma and other basic and advanced certificate courses in sports medicine.

    What are the 2 fields of sports medicine? ›

    Sports Medicine Specialists

    Physical therapists: They help people recover from injuries. Certified athletic trainers: These professionals provide rehabilitative programs to help athletes regain strength and prevent future injury.

    What are 3 careers associated with sports medicine? ›

    Top sports medicine careers
    • Exercise physiologist.
    • Athletic trainer.
    • Orthopedic nurse.
    • Kinesiotherapist.
    • Physical therapist.
    • Sports psychologist.
    • Sports medicine nurse.
    • Physiatrist.

    How do you become a PG in sports medicine? ›

    You need to clear NEET, conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), to pursue a five-year MBBS course. You can also appear for state NEET exams to get into a medical institute in a particular state. After completion of your MBBS degree, you can appear for PG NEET, AIIMS and JIPMER for doing a MD in Sports Medicine.

    What degree is best for sports medicine? ›

    If you know that you absolutely want to pursue a career in sports medicine, then I suggest applying to schools with programs like exercise science and kinesiology.

    What is a sports medical doctor called? ›

    Sports medicine doctors are orthopedic specialists who work with athletes and those with musculoskeletal injuries.

    Who is the father of sports medicine? ›

    Herodicus, the father of sports medicine.

    What are the 6 components of sports medicine? ›

    The six domains of athletic training are injury prevention, clinical evaluation and diagnosis, immediate care, treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning, organization and administration, and professional responsibility.

    What is another name for sports medicine? ›

    Sports medicine may be called Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM), which is now well established in many countries.

    Are there nurses in sports medicine? ›

    A sports medicine nurse is a registered nurse who has specialized training in the care of athletes and other active individuals. Sports medicine nurses work with athletes and active individuals of all levels, from recreational to professional. The main goal of a sports medicine nurse is to prevent and treat injuries.

    Is sports medicine in high demand? ›

    Demand for Sports Medicine Physicians is expected to go up, with an expected 72,500 new jobs filled by 2029. This represents an annual increase of 2.15 percent over the next few years.
    Career Outlook for Sports Medicine Physicians.
    4 more rows

    What skills do you need for sports medicine? ›

    Sports Medicine Physician Skills and Qualifications

    Superior knowledge of physical medicine and medical biology. Thorough knowledge of disease and injury diagnostics. In-depth understanding of sports culture and practices. Ability to prescribe various medications, and carry out non-surgical treatment.

    What is PG diploma in sports management? ›

    Course Details

    The Post Graduate Program in Sports Management (PGPSM) aims to provide students with an in-depth understanding of the latest sport management strategies and develop the skills needed for professional management of sports organizations.

    What is the average salary for sports medicine? ›

    The average Physician - Sports Medicine salary in the United States is $249,059 as of November 23, 2022, but the range typically falls between $212,581 and $316,789.

    How do you become an MD in sports medicine? ›

    Admission to this course is done through the NEET PG Entrance exam conducted by the National Board of Examinations, followed by counseling based on the scores of the exam that is conducted by DGHS/MCC/State Authorities. The fee for pursuing an MD Sports Medicine varies from college to college.

    What is the difference between a sports medicine doctor and a physician? ›

    Do sports doctors provide any kind of preventative care? The primary difference between sports medicine and standard medicine is that sports doctors focus on prevention. Helping athletes learn how to use their bodies in a way that will prevent re-injury is of the utmost importance.

    Where do sports medicine make the most money? ›

    Iowa is the best state for sports medicine specialists, where the median salary is $124,766. The highest position that you can reach as a sports medicine specialist is medical director.
    1. Iowa.
    Total Sports Medicine Specialist Jobs:268
    Highest 10 Percent Earn:$231,000
    3 more rows
    6 Apr 2021

    Where do sports medicine doctors make the most money? ›

    Sports Medicine Physician Salary

    Location impacts how much a sports medicine physician can expect to make. Sports medicine physicians make the most in Kansas, Illinois, Mississippi, Wisconsin, and Maine. What Am I Worth?

    Is a sports medicine doctor a real doctor? ›

    A sports medicine doctor is a primary care doctor who is specially trained to diagnose and treat injuries that are sustained while playing sports and any other type of orthopedic (musculoskeletal) injury.

    What are sports nurses called? ›

    According to the Bureau of Statistics Labor (BSL), the employment opportunities of sports medicine nurses also known as athletic trainers are anticipated to increase by 16% from 2019 to 2029 .

    What is the scope of sports medicine? ›

    The medical syndromes associated with sport and exercise. The practical role that clinical medicine plays in sport, through injury prevention and treatment. The medical use of exercise for rehabilitation and health. The application of physiological and biomechanical principles to specific sports.

    WHAT A levels do you need for sports medicine? ›

    Most courses want to see an A-level in:

    biology. chemistry. maths. physics.

    Does UK have sports medicine? ›

    BASEM is the UK based Sport and Exercise Medicine Association that represents the professional needs of Healthcare Professionals and Medical Students involved in the speciality of Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM).

    Does UK offer sports management? ›

    Several universities across the UK offer recognised degrees in Sports Management and Sports science, both at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. With high-level facilities and world-class infrastructure, the UK is one of the most popular destinations for international students to study Sports Management.

    How do you get a sports scholarship UK? ›

    There's some basic criteria you can expect to have to meet for any sports scholarship: Your sport is recognised by the Athletic Union and/or British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS). You've competed at a regional, national, or international level in the last 12-18 months.

    What is the highest degree in sports medicine? ›

    A doctorate is the terminal sports medicine degree. Many professionals earn this degree to learn about sports medicine best practices and advance into senior management positions.

    What is a Level 3 Diploma in sport? ›

    The BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma in Sport covers 18 units over two years. In the first year of this course (Foundation Diploma), you will study a range of topics including Anatomy & Physiology; Fitness Training and Programming; Sports Leadership; Fitness Testing.

    Is sports medicine the same as PT? ›

    The difference between sports medicine physicians and physical therapists is that therapists do not attend medical school, so they do not diagnose injuries. Rather, they treat injuries by way of exercise therapy, electrostimulation, and specific stretches to return that athlete to game-ready normal functionality.

    Can Sports medicine doctors give injections? ›

    Supervising the rehabilitation of injured athletes. Prescribing medication for the treatment of athletic injuries. Coordinating with other personnel, such as coaches, athletic trainers, and orthopedic surgeons. Performing procedures, such as injections and diagnostic ultrasound.

    Which country is best for sports management? ›

    Best countries to study sports management
    • Sports Management in USA.
    • Sports Management in Spain.
    • Sports Management in Canada.
    • Sports Management in UK.
    • Sports Management in Switzerland.
    • Sports Management in Germany.
    • Sports Management in Cyprus.

    Do UK universities recruit for sports? ›

    It's common to find that most U.K. universities will enter multiple teams into competitive leagues that offer student's the chance to play, regardless of their ability levels.

    Who is eligible for UK scholarship? ›


    This scholarship is given by the UK govt. to academically outstanding students by the UK government's Global Scholarships Program. These grants are usually for a one-year Master's degree program in the UK.

    How do you get a sports sponsorship? ›

    How to Get Team Sponsors: 5 Effective Tips
    1. 5 ways to get team sponsorships.
    2. Create packs to send sponsors. ...
    3. Write an outreach letter. ...
    4. Reach out to existing contacts. ...
    5. Ask for sponsorship from your local community. ...
    6. Research corporations that offer sponsorship.
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