Blood Donation Restrictions for Hepatitis A, B, and C (2022)

There are specific restrictions around blood donation to keep the blood supply safe for those who need it. People with viral hepatitis make the list of those who cannot donate blood because of a pre-existing health condition, but this does not apply to all types of hepatitis.

Blood Donation Restrictions for Hepatitis A, B, and C (1)

If you have viral hepatitis and are inclined to donate blood, it's worth learning if you're truly barred from doing so or not. According to the American Red Cross, someone in the United States needs a blood transfusion every two seconds, translating to around 36,000 units of blood per day. With such a need, anyone who is willing to give blood (and cleared to do so) should.

Hepatitis TypePermitted to DonateProhibited to Donate
A√ (with caveat)
B
C
D
E

Who Can Donate

Hepatitis A is mainly spread through contaminated food or water. If you have ever had hepatitis A, which is common in the U.S., you can donate blood, but you will need to delay doing so if you have active signs of hepatitis—whatever the cause. Your donation will be accepted after you have fully recovered.

Hepatitis Eis similar to hepatitis A with the same routes of infection and outcomes. Mainly constrained to Central Asia, hepatitis E is not commonly screened in the United States. Even if you have hepatitis E, you can donate blood.

Other less common causes of hepatitis include the following, none of which exclude you as a blood donation candidate:

  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Alcohol abuse and drug toxicity
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Enteric bacteria like E. coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Parasites like Leishmaniaspecies and malaria-causing Plasmodiumspecies

You can donate blood if you have had non-viral hepatitis from toxic exposure, drug reaction, or alcohol use so long as there are no symptoms of hepatitis at the time of the donation.

Who Can't Donate

Hepatitis B and hepatitis C outright rule you out as a blood donor. If you have ever had either of these, your donation will be rejected irrespective of whether you had symptoms or not.

Unlike hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C are bloodborne viruses that are highly communicable.

Although newer direct-acting antivirals first introduced in 2007 have achieved high levels of cure rates in people with hepatitis C, people who have been infected still cannot be blood donors whether they have been cured or not.

Hepatitis Donly occurs in people who are infected with hepatitis B because it is considered an "incomplete virus."  Because of this, it is not necessary to screen the blood supply in the United States. If you have hepatitis D, you have hepatitis B as well and are, therefore, not allowed to be a blood donor.

Can You Donate Organs If You Have Hepatitis?

Other Restrictions

Because viral hepatitis is spread by different means, health authorities have placed the following restrictions on people who may have been exposed to hepatitis B or C.

Among them:

  • If you live with someone or have had sex with someone who has hepatitis, you must wait 12 months after the last contact before you can donate.
  • You must also wait 12 months after receiving a blood transfusion (unless it was your own blood) or having been exposed to an unsterile needle (such as through shared needle use or an accidental needle-stick injury).

Can You Donate Organs If You Have Hepatitis?

(Video) Can a person donate blood if he has hepatitis B?

Blood Screening in the United States

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), through the Center for Biologics and Research (CBER), is responsible for ensuring the safety of the roughly 19 million units of whole blood donated in the United States each year.

To keep the blood supply safe, the FDA has established regulations to screen donors before a donation and to screen donated blood after it has been received by blood banks. To help with this, an extensive questionnaire is given to donors to collect information about their medical history and any risk factors that may exclude them from donating.

Blood received from donors then undergoes routine screening for the following blood-transmitted infections:

  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV-1 and HIV-2
  • Human T-cell lymphotropic viruses (HTLV)
  • Treponema pallidum (syphilis)
  • West Nile virus
  • Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas disease)
  • Zika virus

Any donated blood is quarantined until it is tested and shown to be free of infection.

Due to advanced blood screening practices, the risk of the accidental transmission of hepatitis B and C from contaminated blood is less than one in 500,000 and one in two million transfused units, respectively.

What Is the Risk of Contaminated Blood?

Hesitations Toward Blood Donation

Although 37% of the U.S. population is eligible to donate blood, less than 5% do so annually, according to a 2012 study published in the journal Transfusion. Among the commonly cited reasons why people avoid donating is the presumption that they are "medically disqualified" to donate.

Many of these attitudes stem back to the 1970s and 1980s when reports of infection among hemophiliacs given tainted blood fueled fears among donors and recipients alike. During those years, no less than 6,000 hemophiliacs in the United States became infected with HIV, hepatitis, or both.

Although doubts about the safety of the U.S. blood supply have largely subsided due to advances in blood screening, there are some who avoid donating because it may reveal that they have an infection like HIV or hepatitis.

If you have hepatitis and have a type that does not restrict you from donating, it is worth considering given the public need. If you think you might have hepatitis—either due to the presence of symptoms or because of a known exposure—but are fearful of donating because it may confirm your concern, know that the sooner hepatitis is identified, the more sooner you can access treatment that can keep you well and healthy for many years.

Hepatitis C Is Now a Curable Infection

How and Where to Donate

The need for blood donation is critical and ongoing. From the time of donation, blood can be stored in a refrigerator for only 42 days. Moreover, blood centers typically run out of types O and B, placing patients with these blood types at risk during public health emergencies.

If you are least 16 years of age in most states, are in good health, and weigh at least 110 pounds, you are eligible to be considered as a blood donor. You can find where to donate blood near you by accessing the American Red Cross website.

From start to finish, the blood donation process takes around the hour, including 10 minutes to draw one pint of blood.

Do

  • Get a good night's rest the day before the donation

  • Eat a healthy, iron-rich meal before a donation

  • Drink plenty of fluids the day before and the day of the donation

  • Have a snack and fluids immediately afterward

  • Rest for 24 hours after donation

  • Bring a friend to donate with you or to drive you home if needed

Don't

  • Donate if you are not feeling well

  • Donate on an empty stomach

  • Drink caffeine before giving blood, as it may cause dehydration

  • Smoke one hour before or one hour after a blood donation

  • Take aspirin two days before donating platelets, as this may interfere with clotting

  • Exercise for 24 hours after giving blood

(Video) Viral hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E) - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

What Is the Universal Recipient Blood Type?

11 Sources

Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. American Red Cross. Eligibility Criteria: Alphabetical.

  2. American Red Cross. Blood Needs & Blood Supply.

  3. Melgaço JG, Gardinali NR, De Mello VDM, Leal M, Lewis-Ximenez LL, Pinto MA.Hepatitis E: Update on prevention and control.Biomed Res Int. 2018;2018:5769201. doi:10.1155/2018/5769201

  4. Schaefer TJ, Savio J. Acute hepatitis. In: StatPearls.

  5. Pfaender S, von Hahn T, Steinmann J, Ciesek S, Steinmann E.Prevention strategies for blood-borne viruses-in the era of vaccines, direct acting antivirals and antiretroviral therapy.Rev Med Virol. 2016;26(5):330-9. doi:10.1002/rmv.1890

  6. Dastgerdi ES, Herbers U, Tacke F.Molecular and clinical aspects of hepatitis D virus infections.World J Virol.2012;1(3):71-8. doi:10.5501/wjv.v1.i3.71

  7. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Have you given blood lately?.

  8. Engle RE, Bukh J, Alter HJ, et al. Transfusion-associated hepatitis before the screening of blood for hepatitis risk factors. Transfusion. 2014;54(11):2833-41. doi:10.1111/trf.12682

  9. Custer B, Schlumpf K, Simon TL, et al. Demographics of successful, unsuccessful and deferral visits at six blood centers over a 4-year period. Transfusion. 2012;52(4):712-21. doi:10.1111/j.1537-2995.2011.03353.x

  10. Shaz BH, Hillyer CD. Minority donation in the United States: challenges and needs. Curr Opin Hematol. 2010;17(6):544-9. doi:10.1097/MOH.0b013e32833e5ac7

  11. Alter HJ, Klein HG. The hazards of blood transfusion in historical perspective. Blood. 2008;112(7):2617-26. doi:10.1182/blood-2008-07-077370

    (Video) The Truth about Hepatitis B

By Charles Daniel
Charles Daniel, MPH, CHES is an infectious disease epidemiologist, specializing in hepatitis.

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(Video) Can I Donate Blood After Having Hepatitis B? Health Knowledge

FAQs

Can I donate blood if I had Hepatitis A? ›

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by infection (like the hepatitis A or B viruses) or an unknown cause. You need to wait at least 12 months after you've made a full recovery before you donate blood.

Can I donate blood with hepatitis B? ›

One way that someone can become infected with the hepatitis B virus is through blood. People infected with hepatitis B may carry the virus without even knowing it. They can pass it to others through blood or sexual contact. Because of this, anyone who has ever tested positive for hepatitis B cannot donate blood.

Can you donate blood with a history of hepatitis? ›

Donors who have ever been diagnosed with hepatitis B or C, even if treated, are not eligible to donate blood. Malaria is a blood infection caused by a parasite that can be transmitted from a donor to a patient through transfusion.

Is hepatitis A forever? ›

Almost everyone recovers fully from hepatitis A with a lifelong immunity. However, a very small proportion of people infected with hepatitis A could die from fulminant hepatitis.

What will disqualify you from donating blood? ›

You must be in good health at the time you donate. You cannot donate if you have a cold, flu, sore throat, cold sore, stomach bug or any other infection. If you have recently had a tattoo or body piercing you cannot donate for 6 months from the date of the procedure.

How long a hepatitis B patient can live? ›

A "silent disease." It can live in your body for 50+ years before you have symptoms. Responsible for 80 percent of all liver cancer in the world.

Can you donate blood after being cured of hep C? ›

No, you cannot donate blood if you ever had hepatitis C, even if you spontaneously cleared the virus or if you were successfully cured with medication.

Can I donate blood after recovering from hepatitis B? ›

No. The blood bank will not accept any blood that has been exposed to hepatitis B, even if you have recovered from an acute or chronic infection.

Do they test for hep C when you donate blood? ›

All blood for transfusion is tested for evidence of certain infectious disease pathogens, such as hepatitis B and C viruses and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The tests used to screen donated blood are listed below.

How long does hepatitis B virus survive outside the body? ›

How long does the hepatitis B virus survive outside the body? The hepatitis B virus can survive outside the body for at least 7 days. During that time, the virus is still capable of causing infection.

Can you donate organs if you have hep C? ›

Yes, you can be an organ donor if you have or have had hepatitis C. If you have been treated and received an SVR12, you are considered cured of hep C. You will always retain hepatitis C antibodies. Depending on your liver condition, your doctor will be able to advise if you are eligible to be an organ donor.

Can you give blood after Hep A vaccine? ›

Great news: if you receive the vaccine, you can still donate blood, platelets and AB Elite plasma! Donating blood is essential to help save lives and support the efforts of those on the frontlines of the pandemic.

Is hepatitis A contagious? ›

Hepatitis A can be spread from close, personal contact with an infected person, such as through certain types of sexual contact (like oral-anal sex), caring for someone who is ill, or using drugs with others. Hepatitis A is very contagious, and people can even spread the virus before they feel sick.

What is acute hepatitis A? ›

Hepatitis A is an acute or short-term infection, which means people usually get better without treatment after a few weeks. In rare cases, hepatitis A can be severe and lead to liver failure and the need for an emergency liver transplant to survive.

Can hepatitis be cured completely? ›

Most adults with hepatitis B recover fully, even if their signs and symptoms are severe. Infants and children are more likely to develop a chronic (long-lasting) hepatitis B infection. A vaccine can prevent hepatitis B, but there's no cure if you have the condition.

There are a multitude of restrictions for giving blood. Here are some of the giving blood restrictions and rules that come up most frequently.

The list of eligibility restrictions and rules for donating blood is extensive, and rightfully so; it’s important to keep those who receive donated blood safe.. Whole Blood: White blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, and plasma all donated Power Red: 2 units of red blood cells donated; platelets and plasma returned to your bloodstream Platelet donation: Only platelets extracted donated; other blood components are returned to bloodstream Plasma donation : Only plasma extracted and donated; other blood components are returned to bloodstream. If you intend to take advantage of a blood donation type other than whole blood donation, keep in mind that these donations may be subject to additional restrictions and rules.. Having a cold or the flu doesn’t affect the blood you’re donating, but blood donation centers turn away sick individuals from donating in an effort to reduce the spread of the flu.. Blood thinners: Since blood thinners affect the ability of your blood to clot, individuals taking certain types of blood thinners will not be allowed to donate.. If you contracted malaria, wait 3 years after completing treatment before donating blood If you traveled in a country where malaria is found, wait 3 months before donating blood If you lived in a country where malaria is found for 5+ years, wait 3 years before donating blood. However, at the present moment, the ACR states that blood donations are “Acceptable if you were vaccinated with an Inactivated or RNA based COVID-19 vaccine manufactured by Moderna or Pfizer providing you are symptom-free and fever-free.” If you received a different type of COVID-19 vaccine or are unsure what type of vaccine you received, you may be subject to a waiting period before you are eligible to donate blood.. Hepatitis B and C and HIV/AIDs are diseases that can be passed on via blood transfusion, and therefore individuals who suffer from these diseases are ineligible to donate blood.

We supply blood to Poudre Valley Hospital, Medical Center of the Rockies, Greeley Hospital, and Longs Peak Hospital. Be a hero: donate blood today!

** All types of donated blood are valuable.. A Double Red blood cell donation allows you to donate more red blood cells, increasing your impact on saving lives.. UCHealth Garth Englund Blood Center follows FDA guidance in allowing donors to self-identify and self-report as male or female, and answer the gendered questions on the Blood Donor Record (history questionnaire) accordingly for the purpose of blood donation.. To ensure safety for recipients of donated blood and blood products, individuals may NOT donate for certain reasons or conditions.. If you have ever been diagnosed with hepatitis B or hepatitis C, you may not donate blood or blood products.. Donation time: 45 minutes to 1 hour Donation frequency: Every 56 days Blood types needed: All blood types. Platelet donations are collected at our Garth Englund Blood Center in Fort Collins and Garth Englund Blood Center (located inside Medical Center of the Rockies) Loveland locations.. Donation time: 1.5 to 2 hours Donation frequency: Every 14 days, up to 24 times within a year Blood types needed: All blood types. Double Red blood cell donations are a special donation done through a process called apheresis (ay-fur-ee-sis).. Double Red blood cell donations allow you to donate more red blood cells, increasing your impact on saving lives.. Double red donations are collected at our Garth Englund Blood Center in Fort Collins and Garth Englund Blood Center (located inside Medical Center of the Rockies) Loveland locations.. Who it helps Your red blood cells collected from your donation help save lives of those experiencing blood loss, those experiencing traumas, newborns, and emergency transfusions.. Donation time: 1.5 to 2 hours Donation frequency: Every 112 days, up to 3 times per year Blood types needed: All blood types. Help save lives and find out your blood type at UCHealth Garth Englund Blood Center.

Donor eligibility undergoes frequent revisions resulting in changes based on current scientific evidence. Donors who were previously deferred could now be eligible to donate.   Here are some changes to our criteria that have recently come into effect. Remember, if you have any questions or are not sure about your eligibility, please call to speak with one of our trained health professionals at 1 888 2 DONATE (1-888-236-6283). 

May 9, 2022 Donors who have travelled to the continental U.S., Europe and Antarctica no longer need to wait 14 days after they return home to donate blood or plasma.. First-time donors over the age of 71 are asked to start with a blood donation before moving on to (source) plasma donation.. August 30, 2020: Malaria: if you travelled to a malaria risk area for less than six months, the waiting period to donate whole blood or platelets has been reduced from 12 months to three.. Visit our travel page to see if you are eligible to donate or call us 1 888 2 DONATE (1-888-236-6283) to check your eligibility.. Visit our travel page to see if you are eligible to donate or call us 1 888 2 DONATE (1-888-236-6283) to check your eligibility.. After their first donation, blood donors will no longer have their blood pressure measured before donating.. First time blood donors will have their blood pressure measured, but will not be deferred from donating for an out of range blood pressure.. Visit our travel page to see if you are eligible to donate or call us 1 888 2 DONATE (1-888-236-6283) to check your eligibility.. Celiac - If you have celiac disease, you are now eligible to donate as long as you are feeling well on the day of your donation appointment.. Donors previously had to wait six months before they could become eligible to donate.. Recipients of blood and blood products (and sexual partners) - You are now eligible to donate blood after six months of receiving your last transfusion of blood or blood products.. Epilepsy - You are now eligible to donate blood six months after your last seizure and, even earlier in some cases, if you are on medication to prevent seizures, provided the medication itself is acceptable under our eligibility criteria.. Travel - There is other travel that can mean you can’t donate but don’t assume, you might be ok to donate!. Men Who Have Sex With Men - Health Canada has approved our request to reduce the blood donation waiting period for men who have sex with men from five years to one year.

The NHS needs nearly 400 new blood donors a day to meet demand. Yet a blanket rule for men who have sex with men means they cannot donate blood without abstaining from sex.

To maintain a safe blood supply and protect donors, there are restrictions on who can donate blood and when.. One of the most controversial restrictions is that men who have sex with men (MSM) cannot donate blood unless they have abstained from all sex for at least three months.. Once it was realised that these conditions could be passed on through blood, it was crucial that those who were most at risk of contracting the viruses, including gay and bisexual men, were not able to pass them on through blood donation since effective screening was not yet available.. However, the new three-month deferral period still prevents many MSM from donating blood if they are having regular sex.. "You have to weigh up the balance between making sure that any risk to the blood supply is properly mitigated and making sure that people aren't being unfairly prevented from giving blood should they wish to," says Kat Smithson, director of policy at National AIDS Trust (NAT) which advocated for the change.. In the past, sex workers were banned for life from donating blood - as with MSM, they can now donate from three months after the last time they had sex.. When anyone donates blood in the UK, they must fill out a questionnaire to establish any behaviours which may put their blood at risk of infection, including recent piercings and travel.. "If any blood donation tests positive for infection, it is not released into the blood supply chain and therefore cannot be issued to a patient.". The priority of the blood donation service is to maintain a safe and continuous blood supply which can save lives in hospitals across the country.. "The blood donor selection criteria and a wide range of other blood safety measures, including stringent testing, mean that in the last 10 years of the Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) Report just two cases of confirmed transfusion-transmitted hepatitis B infection were shown and no incidences of transfusion-transmitted hepatitis C or HIV infections in the UK.”. For heterosexual people and women who have not had sex with MSM, 'risk' is assessed through specific conditions and experiences which prevent them from donating blood, including having paid for sex or had sex with someone who has an STI.. "It's important that we continue to review and make sure that there aren't still people who could be safely giving blood without a high risk to the blood supply who are caught by these catch-all rules.

Giving blood can help save lives. How often you can donate blood depends on a variety of factors, including the type of blood donation you want to give, and other factors like medications, health status, and more.

One question that often comes up is, how often can you donate blood?. whole blood , which is the most common type of blood donation plasma platelets red blood cells, also called a double red cell donation. To donate red blood cells — the key blood component used in blood product transfusions during surgeries — most people must wait 112 days in between donations.. This type of blood donation can’t be done more than three times a year.. Male donors under age 18 can donate red blood cells only twice a year.. In most states, you must be at least 17 years old to donate platelets or plasma and at least 16 years old to donate whole blood.. It’s easy to feel dehydrated after donating, so drink plenty of water or other fluids (not alcohol) before and after your blood donation.. Eating foods rich in iron and vitamin C before you donate will help make up for the drop in iron levels that can happen with a blood donation.. It only takes about 10 minutes to donate a pint of whole blood — the standard donation.. You’ll be given some information about donating blood and will have the opportunity to talk with someone at the center about your donation eligibility and what to expect.. The time it takes to replenish blood from a blood donation can vary from person to person.. If you’re unsure if you’re eligible to donate blood, speak to your healthcare provider or contact a blood donation center to learn more.. Your local blood donation center can also tell you if certain blood types are in high demand.

Return to State List

For retroactive notification should consider: (a) infection control practices of HCW (b) physical or mental status of HCW (c) occurrence of known exposure to patients (d) availability of patient records (e) time of infection in relation to time of care (f) evidence of transmission Generally require informed consent of HCW.. of Health and each appropriate board within the Division of Medical Quality Assurance shall have the authority to establish procedures to handle, counsel, and provide other services to health care professionals within their respective boards who are infected with HIV.. Minors' Access to STI and HIV Testing and TreatmentThese summaries highlight key aspects of state laws governing the rights of minors to consent to testing and/or treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV.. Every state in the country allows minors to consent to STI testing and care without parental approval, although a number of these set an age threshold for the right to consent without parental involvement.. As of the date of this posting, thirty-one states allow minors to also consent to HIV testing and treatment without parental approval.. Minor May Consent to HIV Testing and Treatment:. HIV TestingUnlike testing for most other infectious diseases, testing for HIV involves possible benefits as well as social, economic, and legal consequences that typically are not apparent or known to an individual considering testing.. HIV-related testing is the gateway to health-preserving treatment; it also can be the basis of criminal prosecution for those who are sexually active, or relied on to exclude individuals who test positive for HIV from programs, employment, or insurance.. Although state and federal laws prohibit much of this discrimination against people with HIV, the ability to enforce those rights usually depends on access to free legal services, which are increasingly limited and not available at all in roughly half of the states in the United States.. Thus, the potential negative consequences of HIV testing at a particular time or location might inform an individual's decision of whether or when to get tested for HIV; or whether to test anonymously or through a "confidential" testing process that reports their test results and identifying information to the state but maintains the confidentiality of those results.. Although informed consent is a legal concept rather than a medical one, many states use definitions of "informed consent" for purposes of HIV testing and medical procedures that in fact are inconsistent with the accepted legal definition, e.g., they do not require that an individual receive information or sometimes even notification that they are about to be tested for HIV.. The Center for HIV Law and Policy (CHLP) accepts the legal and court-affirmed definition of informed consent; therefore, state protocols that call for "opt-out" testing (a patient is tested for HIV unless she/he objects) or that mirror general consent approaches are not counted as "informed consent" laws even in those instances where the state legislature has characterized their state law as requiring "informed consent.". In short, CHLP does not consider or count laws that allow a patient's silence or general consent as granting authority to do confidential HIV testing as informed consent laws.

Learn about the causes, symptoms and treatment of this skin condition that causes swelling and irritation in the skin, hair, nails, mouth and vagina.

Corticosteroids The first choice for treatment of lichen planus is usually a prescription corticosteroid cream or ointment.. Common side effects of topical corticosteroids include skin irritation or thinning where the cream is applied and oral thrush.. Retinoids If your condition doesn't respond to corticosteroids or light therapy, your doctor might prescribe a retinoid medication taken by mouth, such as acitretin (Soriatane).. Your doctor may refer you to an allergist or, in the case of a hepatitis C infection, a specialist in liver disease (hepatologist) for further treatment.. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition.. Talk with your doctor before trying an alternative treatment for lichen planus.. What treatments are available, and which do you recommend?. Have you recently started new medications?. Oral lichen planus.. Lichen planus.. Lichen planus.

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1. Acute Hepatitis B & C | Steven-Huy Han, MD | UCLA Digestive Diseases
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2. PSM 149 Blood Bank Screening for Diseases WHO Check test before donation
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3. CapitalTV: How to avoid Hepatitis caused by Blood Donation?
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4. What is Hepatitis C and Why Should You Care?
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5. Simplifying Treatment of Hepatitis C and Overcoming Barriers to Cure
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6. Hepatitis B and C Coinfection | Hepatitis and HIV Coinfections | Hepatitis B and D Coinfection
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